It is important to keep your oil at the correct level to help safeguard and prolong the life of movable engine components. If your engine does not have sufficient oil, it may be seriously damaged, occasionally beyond repair.  Visit online for more details You should try and check your oil levels each week; if you spot leaks on your drive or car port floor, or if the vehicle appears to be losing an abnormal amount of oil, you may have an engine leak.

Additionally, you will need to change your oil and oil filter no less than once a year; a few manufactures suggest changing the oil every 3,000 kilometers to keep maximum performance.

Examining the Oil

Looking at your oil level is a fairly simple procedure.


  1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and wait for the engine to cool down to ensure that the oil has time to settle into the sump.
  2. Open and secure the bonnet.
  3. Find the dipstick; this will normally be close to the front of the engine at one side. It often has a brightly coloured handle (red, yellow or orange) that will help you find it.
  4. Pull the dipstick out of its tube and wipe it clean with a clean rag.
  5. Push the dipstick gradually all the way into its tube, and after that pull it out again.
  6. Look at the oil level on the dipstick; it ought to be in between the upper and bottom limits marked on the dipstick.
  7. If the level is close to the bottom mark, or below it, you’ll need to top up.


Whilst you’re checking the oil level, take a look at the colour of the oil. If it’s very dark brown or black, it will need to be changed. If the oil is milky or coffee coloured, then it means that the engine coolant has become mixed with the oil, indicating a significant engine problem like a blown cylinder head gasket.

Topping Up the Oil


  1. Find the oil filler cap, that is usually on top of the motor, clearly marked ‘oil’.
  2. Unscrew the cap very carefully and place to one side.
  3. Pour in about a litre of oil, utilizing a funnel if required. You need to ensure that you use the same type and brand of engine oil that is already in the engine.
  4. Wait a minute for the oil to drain down to the bottom of the engine, and recheck the dipstick level using the method shown above.
  5. Repeat until the oil level is approximately halfway between the minimum and maximum marks on the dipstick. On the other hand, you have to take care not to overfill, as this could cause leaks.
  6. Replace the dipstick and close the oil filler cap.